Introduction of Berlin
Berlin is in northeastern Germany and is the capital and busiest city in Germany. It’s an important administrative, economic and cultural center. It’s also a financial center as well as a hub of higher education and research. Berlin has passed from the status of a divided city, then reunified to became finally one of the most important cities of Europe.
Berlin has an oceanic climate. The city’s mean annual temperature is about 9°C, and mean temperatures range from −1°C in winter to 18°C in summer.
German is the official and predominant spoken language in Germany. Although Germans are typically multilingual: 67% of German citizens claim to be able to communicate in at least one foreign language and 27% in at least two.
Currency in Germany is the euro.
Berlin is very well served by public transports: Urban trains (S-Bahn of Berlin), the subway (U-Bahn), tram (Metrotram) and busses provide a coverage of the city day and night.
More information about public transport in Berlin : https://www.berlin.de/en/public-transportation/
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(Distance to venue: 4,1 km)
Charlottenburg Palace is one of the landmarks of Berlin. It was built at the end of the 17th century and was greatly expanded during the 18th century. The largest and most beautiful royal palace still standing in the capital, Charlottenburg, was erected as the summer residence of Sophie Charlotte, the first queen of Prussia.
The palace contains interior decoration reflecting several architectural styles: the old palace, with its magnificent baroque state rooms and the famous porcelain cabinet.
A large formal garden surrounded by woodland was added behind the palace, including a belvedere, a mausoleum, a theatre and a pavilion.
Berlin Wall memorial
(Distance to venue: 4,9 km)
The Berlin Wall was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.
At present, it is believed that 136 to 206 men were killed while attempting to cross the 167.8-kilometer-long border. On 9 November 1989 the fall of the Wall took place.
The Berlin Wall was a tangible symbol of the suppression of human rights by the Eastern bloc during the Cold War.
Located directly at the former border strip in the Bernauer Straße is a 1.4-kilometre piece of the Berlin Wall with border strip and watchtower. The facility shows how the border facilities were constructed and imparts to the visitor a lasting impression of the construction, which once divided the entire country.
(Distance to venue: 5,1 km)
Berlin’s Museum Island is a magnificent work of art in its own right, an extraordinary ensemble of five world-renowned museums on an island in River Spree. The many highlights include the bust of Nefertiti and the Pergamon Altar.
The Museum Island was a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its unique ensemble of buildings and cultural artefacts. The opening of the Altes Museum in 1830 made historically significant collections and art accessible to the general public for the first time.
The Brandenburg Gate
(Distance to venue: 3,9 km)
The Brandenburg Gate is one of the most iconic sights in today’s vibrant Berlin. More than just Berlin’s only surviving historical city gate, this site came to symbolise Berlin’s Cold War division into East and West – and, since the fall of the Wall, a reunified Germany. It is now a national symbol of peace and unity.
Architecturally, the sandstone Brandenburg Gate also represents one of the earliest and most attractive examples of a neo-classical building in Germany.
(Distance to venue: 5,2 km)
The cathedral of Berlin is the main Protestant church of the city. It is located on the Museum Island in Berlin-Mitte and was built in 1894
Its architecture is inspired by the style of the high Italian Renaissance. It is divided into three parts, each surmounted by a dome.